Two axes of subordination: How immigration shapes racial dynamics in the U.S.
Presenter: Sapna Cheryan, Associate Professor, University of Washington
5101 Tolman Hall
The study of racial prejudice in psychology developed primarily based on research studying African Americans and Whites. The recent precipitated growth of Latinos and Asian Americans in the United States underscores the need for a framework that integrates more groups.
The current work proposes that racial and ethnic minority groups are disadvantaged along two distinct dimensions of perceived inferiority and perceived cultural foreignness, such that the four largest groups in the United States are located in four discrete quadrants: Whites are perceived and treated as superior and American, African Americans as inferior and relatively American compared to Latinos and Asian Americans; Latinos as inferior and foreign; and Asian Americans as foreign and relatively superior compared to African Americans and Latinos. Four studies lend support for a two-dimensional model from targets’ and perceivers’ perspectives. Implications of this Racial Position Model for contemporary racial dynamics in the U.S. will be discussed.